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Grain Facts

Types of Grains

Grains, commonly referred to as ‘cereals’ or ‘cereal grains’, are the edible seeds of specific grasses belonging to the Poaceae (also known as Gramineae) family. Wheat, oats and rice are …

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Teff

Teff

Teff is an annual cereal grass whose use can be traced back to around 3359 BC. It’s a staple crop and an important source of nutrition for over two-thirds of …

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Nutrient Composition of Grains

The table below lists some of the key nutrients that grains/legumes contain and the proportion contribution to the Recommended Dietary Intakes (RDI) for each.

Wheat

Wheat

Wheat is the most widely cultivated cereal crop in the world, with Australia being the eighth largest producer and fourth largest exporter of wheat in the world. Wheat has come to …

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Oats

Oats

Oats are the fourth largest grain crop produced in Australia. Oats almost never have their bran and germ removed in processing so  most food products containing ‘oats’, ‘oat flour’ or …

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Rice

Rice

Rice is grown in over 100 countries and is a grain eaten by more people in the world than any other grain. In fact, three of the most populated regions …

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Corn

Corn

Corn (also known as maize), is one of the sweetest tasting grains. In its immature form it is the familiar yellow corn on the cob. When it matures and dries out …

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Barley

Barley

Barley is a cereal grain that was originally native to Asia. Barley was very important in ancient times and was one of the first grains to be widely cultivated. However, …

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Sorghum

Sorghum

Sorghum is related to sugar cane and to millet and is called ‘Great Millet’ in some areas of West Africa. It is an important staple food of the upland, drier …

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Rye

Rye

Rye came into cultivation later than wheat, barley and oats and was not known to the ancient Egyptians and Greeks. It was the main grain used for bread-making in Northern …

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Millet

Millet

Before rice was widely consumed in Asia, it is thought that different varieties of millet were the staple grain in this region. For centuries it remained the leading grain. It …

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Triticale

Triticale

Triticale is a cereal grain created by plant breeders. In the 1950s, plant geneticists hoped that a cross fertilisation of wheat and rye would produce a cereal with superior yield. …

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Amaranth

Amaranth

Amaranth is not a ‘true’ grain, but classified as a ‘pseudo-cereal’, as it’s not part of the Poaceae botanical family. However it is listed with other grains as its nutritional …

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Buckwheat

Buckwheat

Not belonging to the Poaceae botanical family, buckwheat is not classified as a ‘true’ grain, but rather a ‘pseudo-cereal’. Its nutritional profile, nutty flavour, appearance and culinary applications have led …

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Quinoa

Quinoa

Similar to amaranth and buckwheat, quinoa (pronounced ‘keen-wah’) fits within the ‘pseudo-cereal’ group as it is not part of the Poaceae botanical family, in which ‘true’ grains belong. It’s loosely …

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Stay up to date with the latest in nutrition, plus tips, recipes and a whole lot more.


By submitting this form, you are consenting to receive marketing emails from: Grains & Legumes Nutrition Council, 1 Rivett Road, North Ryde, 2113, https://www.glnc.org.au. You can revoke your consent to receive emails at any time by using the SafeUnsubscribe® link, found at the bottom of every email. Emails are serviced by Constant Contact