Legume References

Legume Research Highlights – March 2019

  1. Marventano S, Izquierdo Pulido M, Sanchez-Gonzalez C, Godos J, Speciani A, Galvano F, et al. Legume consumption and CVD risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Public health nutrition. 2017;20(2):245-54.
  2. 0.55.012 – Australian Health Survey: Consumption of Food Groups from the Australian Dietary Guidelines, 2011-12. Accessed 4/3/2019 http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/4364.0.55.0122011-12?OpenDocument
  3. Darmadi-Blackberry I, Wahlqvist ML, Kouris-Blazos A, Steen B, Lukito W, Horie Y, et al. Legumes: the most important dietary predictor of survival in older people of different ethnicities. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition. 2004;13(2):217-20.
  4. Figueira N, Beck E, Grafenauer S. Australian Consumer Understanding and Culinary Use of Legumes. 2018


Recommended Amount of Legumes

  1. National Health and Medical Research Council. Australian Dietary Guidelines. 2013. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council. eatforhealth.gov.au


Legumes and Nutrition

  1. Munro S, Legumes, in Essentials of Human Nutrition, J. Mann and A. Truswell, Editors. 2007, Oxford University Press: Oxford. p. 356-358.
  2. Lin P and Lai H. Bioactive compounds in legumes and their germinated products. Journal of Agricultural & Food Chemistry. 2006;54(11):3807-3814.
  3. Messina M, Ho S, and Alekel D. Skeletal benefits of soy isoflavones: a review of the clinical trial and epidemiological data. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care. 2004;7(6):649-658.
  4. Yan L and Spitznagel E. Meta-analysis of soy food and risk of prostate cancer in men. International Journal of Cancer. 2005;117(4):667-669.
  5. Anderson J, Anthony M, Cline J, Washburn S, and Garner S. Health potential of soy isoflavones for menopausal women. Public Health Nutrition. 1999;2(489-504).
  6. S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2005. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 18. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page,http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp
  7. Jones JB, Mount JR. 2009. Sodium reduction in canned bean varieties by draining and rinsing. Institute of Food Technologists [Conference Poster]


Legumes and Fibre

  1. Anderson JW, Baird P, Davis Jr RH, Ferreri S, Knudtson M, Koraym A, Waters V and Williams CL. Health benefits of dietary fiber. Nutrition Reviews. 2009; 67(4):188–205.
  2. Park Y, Subar AF, Hollenbeck A, Schatzkin A. Dietary fiber intake and mortality in the NIH-AARP diet and health study. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Jun 27;171(12):1061-8. Epub 2011 Feb 14.
  3. Williams PG,Grafenauer SJ, and O’Shea JE. Cereal grains, legumes,and weight management: a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence. Nutrition Reviews. 2008;66(4):171-82
  4. World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research.Continuous Update Project Interim Report Summary.Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Colorectal Cancer. 2011


Legumes – Cost Effective Protein

  1. Grains & Legumes Nutrition Council. Legumes Nutrition & Cost Audit. April 2012.
  2. Marsh K, Munn E, Baines S. Protein and Vegetarian Diets. MJA Open. 2012;1(2):7-10


Legumes and Cardiovascular Disease

  1. Bazzano LA, et al. Legume consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in US men and women: NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161(21):2573-8.
  2. Bazzano LA,et al. Non-soy legume consumption lowers cholesterol levels: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD. 2011;21(2):94-103.
  3. Ha V, et al. Effect of dietary pulse intake on established therapeutic lipid targets for cardiovascular risk reduction: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2014.
  4. Jayalath VH, et al. Effect of Dietary Pulses on Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Controlled Feeding Trials. American Journal of Hypertension. 2014;27(1):56-64.



Legumes and Diabetes

  1. Sievenpiper J, et al. Effect of non-oilseed pulses on glycaemic control: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled experimental trials in people with and without diabetes. Diabetologia. 2009;52:1479-1495
  2. Higgins J. Whole Grains, Legumes, and the Subsequent Meal Effect: Implications for Blood Glucose Control and the Role of Fermentation. Journal of Nutr & Met. 2012, Article ID 829238



Legumes and Cancer

  1. Michels K, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption and colorectal adenomas in the Nurses’ Health Study.Cancer Research. 2006;66(7):3942-3953.
  2. Nechuta S et al. oy food intake after diagnosis of breast cancer and survival: an in-depth analysis of combined evidence from cohort studies of US and Chinese women. AJCN. 2012;96:123–32
  3. Setchell K et al. Soy isoflavone phase II metabolism differs between rodents and humans: implications for the effect on breast cancer risk. AJCN. 2011;94:1284-94
  4. Wang Y, Wang Z, Fu L, Chen Y, Fang J. Legume Consumption and Colorectal Adenoma Risk: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. PloS one. 2013;8(6):e67335.
  5. World Cancer Research Fund International. Continuous Update Project: Colorectal Cancer. August 2011


Legumes and Weight Management

  1. McCrory MA, et al. Pulse Consumption, Satiety, and Weight Management. Adv Nutr (Bethesda). 2010;1(1):17-30.
  2. Papanikolaou Y, Fulgoni V. Bean consumption is associated with greater nutrient intake, reduced systolic blood pressure, lower body weight, and a smaller waist circumference in adults: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Am Coll Nutr. 2008;27:569-576
  3. Brighenti F, et al. Colonic fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates contributes to the second-meal effect. AJCN. 2006;83(4):817-822


Legumes and Flatulence

  1. Biesiekierski J, et al. Quantification of fructans, galacto-oligosacharides and other short-chain carbohydrates in processed grains and cereals. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2011;24:154–176
  2. Halmos E, et al. Diets that differ in their FODMAP content alter the colonic luminal microenvironment. Gut. 2014 Jul 12 (online ahead of print).
  3. Winham DM, Hutchins AM. Nutrition Journal. 2011;10:128.


Allergies and Intolerances to Legumes

  1. Biesiekierski J, et al. Quantification of fructans, galacto-oligosacharides and other short-chain carbohydrates in processed grains and cereals. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2011;24:154–176
  2. Gibson et al. Evidence-based dietary management of functional gastrointestinal symptoms: The FODMAP approach. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010;25(2):252-8
  3. Halmos E, et al. Diets that differ in their FODMAP content alter the colonic luminal microenvironment. Gut. 2014 Jul 12 (online ahead of print).

Kattan J, Cocco R, Järvinen K.  Milk and Soy Allergy. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2011;58(2):407–426.

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